Videoecology is a new scientific direction deals with ecology of visual environment and a beauty
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The concept on automaticity of saccades is the basis of videoecology.
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Theoretical and practical problems of videoecology are worked out in Moscow centre "Videoecology"
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The full concept of saccades automaticity is set out in V.A.Filin's monographs "Videoecology", in Russian (3 editions) and in English and "Automaticity of saccades", in Russian
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Main page --> Videoecology --> Eye movements. Saccades --> Saccades in the darkness

Saccades do not disappear in darkness (V.A.Filin, V.F.Ananin, 1973). They proceed in the same rhythm with increasing amplitude (Fig. 7).

Fig. 7 Eye movements in darkness Fig. 7. Recording of eyes movements of a subject in darkness with fixation of illumination dot (LED is on), and after is switched off. Underlined is the fixation moment

Transfer from one amplitude to another is easily made. Switching a luminous dot off immediately causes the saccades amplitude increase, and switching on causes decrease. A new amplitude selection takes a short time period: 0.5-1.0 sec. Such a transformation of saccades gives us much information. Darkness is a kind of space with no reference points where an eye has nothing to "rest upon". The pack of visual objects, or "a crutch" for an observer, makes eyes search, i.e. initiates saccades of a high amplitude. In other words, oculomotor system is forced to function in a non-economical mode demanding senseless waste of energy, meanwhile the human physiology as a whole is bound to exist precisely in the mode of maximum efficiency.

Fig. 8 Fixation of real 
		  (1) and virtual (2) dots Fig. 8. Ranging of basic saccadic indices of 80 subjects (horizontal line) with fixation of real (1) and virtual (2) dots (fingertip of your stretched arm). t, s - mean interval between saccades, K - asymmetry coefficient, A - amplitude, degree, min

It is extremely important to emphasize that a type of eye movements of an individual remains the same in darkness as in case of fixation of a steady dot, i.e. it is constant. Under these two different conditions, comparison of basic parameters indicates a large affinity of saccadic eye movements: curves as per three parameters are of twin nature (Fig. 8). Besides, as per amplitude only, there were observed valid differences: in darkness the amplitude of saccades was 2 times as much than during fixation of a steady dot. Saccadic parameter affinity under absolutely different conditions (viz: in one case the vision functions when an eye fixes the dot, and in the other case when the vision does not work) testifies to the fact that there exist an alliance of saccades generation mechanism

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Videoecology Videoecology is the science of interaction between a human being and visual environment
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Doctor of biology, academician of International Academy of sciences Vasiliy A. Filin is the founder of the videoecology as a science .
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Visual environment is all we perceive by organ of vision, in other words it is all we look at by our eyes
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